Articulate your data points with accuracy and clarity through high-quality graphics. Develop more effective graphics by following the graphics requirements below.
Accepted graphics file formats
Make sure your submitted file formats can be processed by IEEE. Compare your files to the IEEE accepted graphics file formats:
- IEEE accepts PS, EPS, PDF, PNG, or TIFF formats for graphics submission.
- It is acceptable to submit Microsoft Office documents (DOC, PPT, XLS) only when the graphic was originally drawn in the program.
- High-resolution JPEG files are acceptable for author photos only. IEEE also continues to accept PS, EPS, and TIFF.
Use the IEEE Graphics Analyzer to check your graphics before submission.
Most graphics are published at one column width (3.5 inches / 21 picas wide) or two column width (7.16 inches / 43 picas wide). Graphics prepared as VSD, GIF, JPEG, BMP, or any other file formats not listed as acceptable cannot be processed except in the case of an author photo.
Graphics display resolution
Did you know that resolution and size are different? Follow these graphics display resolution guidelines to ensure the graphics for your IEEE journal article look great.
The size of your graphic refers to its dimensions (the width and height). The resolution refers to dpi (dots per inch) or ppi (pixels per inch).
- DPI refers to the number of printed dots contained within one inch of an image printed by a printer.
- PPI refers to the number of pixels in a linear inch when displayed on an electronic image device like a computer, tablet, or your phone.
IEEE standards for non-vector graphics are >300dpi for color and grayscale images; and >600dpi for black and white “line art.”
In cases where graphics, such as digital photographs, are produced at a lower resolution, acceptable quality can be achieved by ensuring that column-wide graphics are at least 1050 pixels wide and page-wide graphics are 2150 pixels wide.
Reusing graphics from the Internet
You will need to request permission to reproduce content that has been made available previously, either in a publication or on the Internet. This may include text, graphics, tables, or other materials.
Reuse permission must be granted by the copyright owner, which is often the publisher of the original work. Avoid reusing content when it is unclear who the copyright owner is or what limitations are placed on reusing the content.
Text in graphics
Any text within a graphic will be replaced during the article production process to adhere to uniform IEEE magazine style. Be sure to check your graphic text during the proof review process.